Head Injury is also referred to as Traumatic brain Injury (TBI). If you’re experiencing or have symptoms following the head injury and are searching for the top Brain Care Clinic in Pune, you are on the right track. Lopmudra Hospital is one of the most effective Brain Care clinics located on Pashan Sus road, Pune and Dr. Vishal Bhasme is one of the best skilled neurosurgeons in Pune. So, let’s learn about the causes, symptoms and signs of head injuries.
What is a head injury?
It is defined as any minor or major injury happening to the scalp, skull or brain resulting in its damage. It mainly includes:
- Scalp Laceration or contusion: There is only injury to the scalp and underlying soft tissue (subgaleal hematoma), without any injury to skull and brain.
- Concussion Injury: In this because of the sudden movement of brain inside the skull bone results into dizziness, blackouts, light-headedness and visual symptoms for a small amount of time.
- Brain contusion: This is bruising of the brain which may result into clot formation inside the brain and brain swelling.
- Skull Fracture: The skull bone get cracked. Sometimes there is piece of bone is broken and enters into the brain surface causing severe bleeding and swelling in the brain.
- Hemmorhage: Whenever there is injury to the blood vessels of the brain or the skull bones, may result in the formation of extra dural, subdural collection, subarachnoid or intrcerebral collection of blood.
The causes of head injuries:
- Vehicle accidents
- Sports Injury
- Violence or assault
- Explosive blasts, as well as other combat-related injuries
- Injuries from blasts (Military actions)
- Gunshot Wounds
- Continued vomiting or nausea
- Convulsions or seizures
- Clear liquids are depleting from the nose or the ears
- Loss of conciousness
- Numbness or weakness in limbs
- Lack of coordination
- Laceration or bruising of the scalp
- Significant disarray
- The expansion of either one or both pupils that are visible
- Irritibility, aggression or a different manner of behaviour
- Speech slurred
- Coma and other issues of awareness
Head injury in pediatric age group:
Head injuries can be seen in children too. Children differ from adults in terms of physiology and signs. Children who have suffered head injuries may not be only affected by symptoms like headaches, sensory disorders or confusion. They may also experience different symptoms and signs like:
- Change in the way you eat or in nursing propensities
- Easy irritability
- Inspiring cry and inability to feel at peace
- Inability to pay attention
- Changes in sleeping habits
- Inattention waning in many popular toys or activities
Following any brain trauma, the physician may suggest one of two options: MRI or CT scan based on the patient’s health condition.
How head injury can be prevented?
- Always wear helmets while riding a two wheeler
- Always wear seat belts while driving a car
- Wear protective gears while playing any sports
- Keep a critical watch on the kids and elderly in the family
- Not getting involved in any fights or physical abuse
Head injury refers to any type of damage to your skull, brain or scalp. It can range from a slight accident or knock, to a serious brain injury. When you observe any of the symptoms or signs mentioned, it is imperative that the patient be taken to the hospital with no delay.